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Power system - Solar Energy

Solar Energy

 SOLAR ENERGY

 

Armenia has a significant solar energy potential. The average annual amount of solar energy flow per square meter of horizontal surface is about 1720 kWh
(the average European is 1000 kWh). One fourth of the country’s territory is endowed with solar energy resources of 1850 kWh/m2/year.

Solar thermal energy

         Solar thermal collectors (water heaters) are produced in Armenia with 1,38-4,12 m2 standard size. 2,75 m2  size water heaters daily produce 120-160 l hot water.

         Cooling and air conditioning solar sytems are installed in the American University of Armenia with capacity of 50kW and photoelectric part capacity, which ensures the uninterrupted operation of the entire system, of 5 kW.

         Water heating systems have been installed in the roofs of many settlements, nurseries, residental houses, medical facilities by different organisations

 Solar Photovoltaic modules

         Up to now different photovoltaic demonstrating modules have been installed. Polymeric photoelectric inverters with 9.8 kWh capacity and total surface of 200m2, made by Germany and USA technologies, are assembled  on the roof of Armenian – American health centre /Institute  of Mammography.

         For the development of solar energy, Fund for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency of Armenia has realized the project “Assistance for Development of Actual Solar PV Energy  in Armenia” by the assistance of World Bank and Global Environmental Facility grant. The potential for development of photovoltaic industry in Armenia have been studied in the framework of the project.

Renewable Energy Investment Plan for Armenia was approved in the framework of the “Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program (SREP)” of the Climate Investment Funds, in accordance to which SREP resources are being allocated to develop up to 110 MW utility-scale solar PV plants.          

 Summarizing the legislative acts, it should be mentioned that the Republic of Armenia has created numerous mechanisms, promoting the use of renewable energy sources, for example:

   According to the article 59 of the “Law on Energy” of RA, adopted on 7 March 2001,  it is guaranteed the purchase of the whole electricity generated by renewable energy sources according to the established order -15 years for SHPPs, and 20 years for solar, wind, biomass and geothermal.

By the decision of the Public Services Regulatory Commission the procedure for

determining the electricity tariff produced by the power plants using the renewable energy sources was approved. According to it, the tariff for the solar energy is set on an annual basis. According to the decision of the Public Services Regulatory Commission N 128-N dated 25 May, 2016 the tariff for solar energy amounts 42, 645 ARMD / kWh excluding VAT.

In accordance with the above-mentioned procedure, in the end of every year the tariff for the solar energy is indexed due to the fluctuations in the national currency of Armenia against the USD for a certain period of time and due to the changes of consumer prices in the Republic of Armenia.

This tariff is determined and revised due to the definite method adopted by the Commission  decision N 88-N dated 22 April, 2015.

 

 

Guide on autonomous solar power plant construction and grid connection


1. Autonomous Energy producer - a physical person or legal entity can construct up to 150 kW Solar Installation for their own needs without License (Low on Energy, Article 23). For legal entities the limit is set 500 kW, for physical persons it is left 150 kW.

2. Technological connection to the grid is done on consumer's application. It is necessary to apply to the «Electric networks of Armenia» (distributing) supplier site by the territorial affiliation of connecting power plant. A contract for connecting a new consumer or consumer’s reconstructed system electricity grid is signed. According to the Contract the supplier is connecting a new consumer’s or constructer’s or consumer system reconstructing consumer’s (customer) consumption system to the grid. And the Customer is obliged to pay to his consumption system for connecting to the electric grid.

3. Then reversible multi-rate power counters are installed. The purchase and service works of counters are regulated by electricity supply and use rules approved by the Public Services Regulatory Commission of RA (N358-N decision dated 27.12.2006).

4. The calculations for the amounts payable for the electricity supplied to the autonomous energy producer by Distributor and the payments to the Distributor autonomous energy producer are made monthly, and the calculations for amounts payable and final payments for the electricity supplied to the Distributor by autonomous energy producer, and the payments to the autonomous energy producer by Distributor are made annually.

If in the result of annual calculation the amount of electricity supplied by autonomous energy producer is negative then the Distributor returns to that extend. If in the result of annual calculation the amount of electricity supplied by autonomous energy producer is positive the  the producer is compensated at a rate of 50% of the tariff set by the Public Commission (The Law of the RA «On Energy Saving and Renewable Energy» – adopted on November 9, 2004).

5. Tax Regulations on parallel work of autonomous energy producers energy system are according to Tax Codex of RA adopted on 4 October 2016.

 

 Guide for the construction of utility-scale solar power plant

 

To construct a solar power plant one should:

 

 1. Chose a landing (landing may be chosen from Solar Resource Map presented at http://minenergy.am/storage/hh_taracqum_arevayin_neruji_qartezner.pdf.). web-site).

2. Get Land Use Right and change the Land Use Destination to «Objects of energy, transport, communication and utility infrastructures» as needed.

3. Make a Business Plan.

4. To get information on licensing in the sphere of energy visit web-site of the Public Services Regulatory Commission of RA- www.psrc.am, section «Information for Investorts»

5. Apply to Public Services Regulatory Commission of RA to get License for producing Electricity.

6. For free professional consulting apply to Armenia Renewable Resources and Energy Efficiency Fund - www.r2e2.am and/or to German-Armenian Fund - www.gaf.am (soft loans are available here).

7. Constuct solar Power Plant by keeping the terms of the above mentioned License.