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Power system - Solar Energy

Solar Energy

 SOLAR ENERGY

 

Armenia has a significant solar energy potential. The average annual amount of solar energy flow per square meter of horizontal surface is about 1720 kWh
(the average European is 1000 kWh). One fourth of the country’s territory is endowed with solar energy resources of 1850 kWh/m2/year.

Solar thermal energy

         Solar thermal collectors (water heaters) are produced in Armenia with 1,38-4,12 m2 standard size. 2,75 m2  size water heaters daily produce 120-160 l hot water.

         Cooling and air conditioning solar sytems are installed in the American University of Armenia with capacity of 50kW and photoelectric part capacity, which ensures the uninterrupted operation of the entire system, of 5 kW.

         Water heating systems have been installed in the roofs of many settlements, nurseries, residental houses, medical facilities by different organisations

 Solar Photovoltaic modules

         Up to now different photovoltaic demonstrating modules have been installed. Polymeric photoelectric inverters with 9.8 kWh capacity and total surface of 200m2, made by Germany and USA technologies, are assembled  on the roof of Armenian – American health centre /Institute  of Mammography.

         For the development of solar energy, Fund for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency of Armenia has realized the project “Assistance for Development of Actual Solar PV Energy  in Armenia” by the assistance of World Bank and Global Environmental Facility grant. The potential for development of photovoltaic industry in Armenia have been studied in the framework of the project.

Renewable Energy Investment Plan for Armenia was approved in the framework of the “Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program (SREP)” of the Climate Investment Funds, in accordance to which SREP resources are being allocated to develop up to 110 MW utility-scale solar PV plants.          

 Summarizing the legislative acts, it should be mentioned that the Republic of Armenia has created numerous mechanisms, promoting the use of renewable energy sources, for example:

   According to the article 59 of the “Law on Energy” of RA, adopted on 7 March 2001,  it is guaranteed the purchase of the whole electricity generated by renewable energy sources according to the established order -15 years for SHPPs, and 20 years for solar, wind, biomass and geothermal.

By the decision of the Public Services Regulatory Commission the procedure for

determining the electricity tariff produced by the power plants using the renewable energy sources was approved. According to it, the tariff for the solar energy is set on an annual basis. According to the decision of the Public Services Regulatory Commission N 128-N dated 25 May, 2016 the tariff for solar energy amounts 42, 645 ARMD / kWh excluding VAT.

In accordance with the above-mentioned procedure, in the end of every year the tariff for the solar energy is indexed due to the fluctuations in the national currency of Armenia against the USD for a certain period of time and due to the changes of consumer prices in the Republic of Armenia.

This tariff is determined and revised due to the definite method adopted by the Commission  decision N 88-N dated 22 April, 2015.